collaborators and friends of Joan Bardina Studies Centre.
The power of money.
Book when it studies currency and money along the
history and its transformations like basic elements for consecution of
a more just society and with less corruption and poverty.
The Earliest Precursor of Writing.
Scientific American. June 1977, Vol. 238, No. 6, p. 50-58.
Before the Sumerians invented writing, in Southwest Asia are carried the accounts by clay tokens of various distinctive format. Apparently these tokens originated Sumerian ideograms.
Numbers and Measures in the Earliest Written Records.
Investigación y ciencia. Abril de 1984. Número 91. Páginas 68 a 76.
As early as the end of the fourth mlllennium B. C. proto-Sumerian and proto-Elamite scribes had well-developed systems of numbers and measures. They included precursors of our own decimal system.
Two Precursors of Writing: Plain and Complex Tokens.
The Origins of Writing / edited by Wayne M. Senner. 1991: 27-41.
Before the Sumerian writing system —the first script ever developed— was invented at the end of the fourth millennium B.C., accounting was practiced in the ancient Middle East by means of small counters. These were small tokens modeled in clay in different shapes, each symbolizing a particular commodity. The token system consisted of two kinds of tokens— «plain» and «complex».
Reckoning Before Writing.
Archaeology. May/June 1979, Vol. 32, No. 3, p. 22-31.
The tokens from Tepe Asiab may be considered an elaboration of a system of counting based on pebbles. The novelty was to use clay for the manufacture of the counters, permitting one to model the tokens into various shapes and to assign each form a particular meaning. Thus, the counters became a more previse memory aid since not only conferred the quantity but also the specific nature of the commodities recorded.
The outstanding challenges of Alexandre Deulofeu and their solutions, according to Agustí Chalaux.
Brauli Tamarit. Presentation Martí Olivella.
In this article Brauli Tamarit introduces us to two
universal Catalans of the 20th century which have passed unnoticed,
because they dared to challenge the «politically correct» thought
trends. He not only introduces us to their amazing biographies and to
their unorthodox theories, but tries to establish a link between the
questions and answers they formulated.
Telematic Currency (An
instrument to build the peace).
Text of the DVD was
presented at the World Social Forum in Nairobi (Kenya) from 20 to 25
January 2007 which summarizes the use of modern technology for the
introduction of a universal electronically currency to facilitate world
peace and the elimination of anonymous currency narrated by Lluís Maria
Xirinacs, Ph.D. former senator during the transition and candidate for
the Nobel Peace Prize in 1975, 1976 and 1977.
Peter Rosset: «Any country can feed
Rosset, with his book «World hunger:
twelve myths», has the ability to make you feel clever, because he
makes difficult concepts simple and clear. His analysis of the policies
which stop people to be able to be fed all over the world shows the
need for change.
Catalonia has plenty of
Wednesday, 23rd November 2005.
If we made the best use of renewable energies in
Catalonia, it would be possible to meet the whole of the electricity
needs. This is pointed out in a report made by Greenpeace, the
ecological organization, following which by 2050 Catalonia could supply
with clean energy eighteen times its electricity demand.
Either we renew
ourselves or we shall deplete nature.
Friday, 25th November 2005.
Alternative energies could meet 56 times the consumption
of electricity in Spain by 2050, according to Greenpeace.
Banque Paribas' history.
from «Handbook on the History of European Banks» written by
European Association for Banking History E.V.